Before the Court is the Motion for Reconsideration filed by pro se defendant Thomas Retzlaff. Def.’s Mot., ECF 201. Defendant seeks reconsideration of the portion of this Court’s order denying his motion for sanctions against plaintiffs James McGibney and ViaView, Inc. pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 11 and 28 U.S.C. § 1927. See Order at 1, ECF 197. Defendant argues that a recent state court finding that ViaView, Inc. is not licensed to do business in the state of California and lacks the capacity to maintain suit in this state shows that Plaintiffs’ “filing of this lawsuit in the name of this illegal corporation was in bad faith and in violation of Rule 11,” thus warranting reconsideration of this Court’s denial of sanctions. See Def.’s Mot. 2-5, 7 (and attached exhibit).
The substantive standard governing reconsideration of an interlocutory order is the same as that which governs motions to alter or amend judgment under Rule 59(e). Motions for reconsideration are disfavored and “should not be granted, absent highly unusual circumstances, unless the district court is presented with newly discovered evidence, committed clear error, or if there is an intervening change in the controlling law.” McDowell v. Calderon, 197 F.3d 1253, 1254 (9th Cir.1999) (per curiam) (internal quotation and citation omitted). The rule “may not be used to relitigate old matters, or raise arguments or present evidence that could have been raised
prior to entry of final judgment.” Exxon Shipping Co. v. Baker, 554 U.S. 471, 485 n.5 (2008).