Update October 4th, 2018:
More charges against Badin and several other members of his GRU unit, aka Fancy Bears Hackers, for conspiring to access computers without authorization, wire fraud and money laundering.
The Fancy Bears hacking Op in the latest indictment began in December of 2014 and continued until May of 2018. The Op was in retaliation for the International Olympic Committee banning Russia from the 2018 Winter Olympics after investigations by the IOC and the World Anti-Doping Agency found the Russian government had been engaged for years in giving performance enhancing drugs to their athletes and then cheating anti-doping efforts by swapping urine samples.
The Fancy Bears largely targeted anti-doping agencies and Olympic athletes to steal information that could be used to discredit the anti-doping effort and individual athletes.
Dmitriy Badin was one of 12 Russian intelligence officers indicted by the special counsel in July of 2018.
Spearphishing is an upgraded form of Phishing, it involves sending a spoof email but the email is geared toward a specific individual and appears to be from someone they know, often a superior, so the target will open the email. The message will seem important, if not vital, and ask the target to click something that secretly installs malware, or tells them to go to a specific url where they’ll be tricked into exposing their password.
Once the documents were obtained by Unit 26165, they were posted online and given to WikiLeaks by members of Unit 26165 using the personas Guccifer 2.0 and DNCLeaks.
The constitution of Russia doesn’t allow extradition of citizens so it’s unlikely any of the indicted intelligence officers will ever face trial.